What is Management

Management is a study, process, and/or science that was developed in order to efficiently and effectively achieve goals, reducing wasted actions and motions. It is mainly used in business and academics but it can be applied to pretty much everything. This article will be focused on Business management.

For over a century, management has been a great tool used by leaders to achieve success in business and leadership and to improve companies and industries, all through learning how to deal with people and how to get things done efficiently and effectively. Generally, the point of management is to keep everything under control. In order to do that, however, managers have to be ready to face challenges and obstacles and know how to deal with them. They have to be fully equipped with all the necessary skills and should constantly strive to improve themselves as managers. They should learn more about the study of management if they were not trained or have not learned about it academically prior to their managerial position. It is a manager’s responsibility to take the time to read about it, about the different roles, functions, and skills. A lot of managers are given the position of a manager when they are not really equipped with the right skills and knowledge about the job. Unfortunately, a lot of those managers end up really hurting or negatively affecting their employees, leading many employees to quit for reasons that could easily be avoided, just by the way the managers treat them.

Management is very important and it exists in every single organization. Management could even be used at home, as with the Gilbreth’s. Frank and Lillian Gilbreth were a couple that used scientific methods and research to apply managerial techniques to the raising of their twelve children and they contributed their findings to the study of Management. The Gilbreth’s were famous for many contributions to management but they were most known for the Motion Studies they developed. Their Motion Studies revolved around figuring out ways on how to eliminate wasted motions at work in order to be more productive with less time and less effort. They were the ones who came up with task-specialization, and they did so through their Motion Study.

The Gilbreth’s were the first to tie the link between worker satisfaction and productivity. We all know that when employees are happy they produce satisfying outcomes and vice versa, and when they are satisfied with their job they are naturally better at it. Another thing most people agree to is that managers highly affect a person’s perception of their job, just like a professor can affect a student’s impression on a class. A manager can make the atmosphere in a workplace either a pleasant or an unpleasant one. Therefore it is important to get feedback about oneself as a manager from your employees on a regular basis (depending on how dynamic the work place is) and make the necessary changes to improve.

Management is all about coordinating between humans and resources and about putting everything together in a system in order to reach outcomes efficiently and effectively. Efficiency (doing things right) is about using the resources available to you in the best possible way in order to cut costs and do more with less, and effectiveness (doing the right things) is about decision-making and choosing wisely to reach your goal faster and in a more productive way. They go hand in hand.

There are different levels of management, and managers should be aware of what level of management they are in: Top-level management, Middle management, or Lower-level management. Managers need to acknowledge what level they are in because based on their level of management they will need certain skills.

Each level needs unique skills, among those skills however, there is one major skill that is needed by all managers and that is Human Skills. All managers need human skills because management is all about dealing with people, having people deal with other people, and connecting people with resources, so again it’s all about connecting everything into a system. Thus, human skills are imperative to managers regardless of level. Furthermore, learning about the level of management a manager is in will enhance and enrich not only the manager’s job/work but also his or her subordinates’ too. Managers influence the overall culture in a company, which in turn affects employees and their work. Therefore all managers need to watch and be aware of how they are managing and always try to improve.

It is also a good idea for managers to learn about leadership. Leadership helps a lot in giving another perspective on management. Leadership differs from management in that not all leaders are managers and vice versa. A manager is not necessarily a leader. Conversely anyone with any position can be a leader. A leader is defined as a leader based on whether or not they inspire followers and whether they have certain characteristics that leaders tend to have in common. Many people think or claim that leadership is better than management and automatically label management as the negative one in comparison to ‘leadership’. However, I tend to think differently. I believe that leadership and management go hand and hand just as efficiency and effectiveness do. Some say that leadership comes from the heart while management comes from the head, so what is better than combining those two? A manager needs to know how to be an inspiring leader and a leader would definitely be a better leader if he or she knew how to manage. A manager needs to be as involved as possible in the work and should try to understand and learn the work of their subordinates. As a manager you should also get to know your employees on a one to one basis.

I hope this was helpful, I will be talking in detail about different topics in management in later articles, stay tuned, and follow us on Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook  !